How to Create an ADA Compliant Website – A Checklist
Posted On January 5, 2021
No two persons are alike; neither would their faculties be similar. In this diverse world that we live in, how can a website come up trumps and stay inclusive? Roll the drums for ADA-compliant websites! The ADA was signed into law on July 26, 1990 when George H W Bush served as President. In the US, the Americans with Disabilities Act [ADA] requires particular businesses to be open and accessible to those who have disabilities that affect hearing, vision and even physical capacities.
“Before God, we are all equally wise, and equally foolish.” – Albert Einstein
Whom does ADA apply to?
Businesses that fall under the following parameters need to adhere to ADA compliance.
A firm with 15+ employees
Public services at State and Local government levels
Businesses that operate towards the benefit of Public and Non-profits
Places of Public accommodation and Commercial facilities
Telecommunications for people who have hearing or speech impairments through telecommunications relay services
Is your client’s website ADA-compliant?
Go through our list below to know if the website ticks all the right boxes away. Source: nmgtechnologies
Every image, video file, audio file and plug-in, needs to have an alt tag
Graphics, especially the complex ones need to be supplemented by detailed text descriptions
The alt descriptions must describe the purpose of the objects
If there is an image that is also used as a link, the corresponding alt tag has to describe the graphics and the final URL destination
Decorative graphics with no other function must have empty alt descriptions (alt=””)
Videos must mandatorily run with captions
With added audio descriptions
Text transcripts to be created
Video links to be created to the video which way works better than embedding into web pages
Add a link to the media player download
Plus an additional link to the text transcript
Each web page must provide alternative links to the image map
The tags need to contain an alt attribute
Data tables to have the column and row headers appropriately identified (using the tag)
Tables used in layout purposes do not have header rows or columns
Table cells need to be associated with the fitting headers
The web page must not contain repeatedly flashing images
Pages must not contain a strobe effect
A link necessarily needs to be provided to a disability- accessible page where the plug-in can be downloaded
All Java applets, scripts and plug-ins and the content within them are accessible to assistive technologies, or else an alternative means of accessing equivalent content is warranted
When form controls are text input fields use the LABEL element
When text is not available, use the title attribute
Include any special instructions within field labels
For easy navigation, ensure that form fields are in a logical tab order
Include a ‘Skip Navigation’ button to help those using text readers
Remember that if your website has all the above-mentioned guidelines; it would automatically be sticking to ADA compliance. Additionally, remember to add a feedback form at the end to get a ringside view of your users. Perfect as your site can get, you know what they mean when they say ‘learning never stops’. Does your website adhere to ADA compliance? Drop your comment below.